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We reveal four currents that challenge liberal-democratic framings of political life:  that an arrangement of distorted responsiveness characterizes the relationship between policed communities and the state; that the political desire of policed communities is not for greater engagement and responsiveness but for political recognition – to be known by the state; and that in contrast to prevailing wisdom about uninformed electorates, these citizens have too much knowledge of and too little power vis-à-vis state representatives.  Finally, we observe among policed communities what Michael Hanchard has termed an “ethics of aversion” in their political responses, a belief that power is best achieved by receding from state institutions in the short term and forging their own collective, community autonomy in the long term. At a broader level, we observe that it is not exclusion from democratic institutions that characterizes political inequality in our time, but inclusion in the antidemocratic face of the state.

The State from Below: Distorted Responsiveness in Policed​ Communities

Urban Affairs Review

Too Much Knowledge, Too Little Power: An Assessment of Political Knowledge in

Highly-Policed Communities​

The Journal of Politics

Withdrawing or Drawing In? Political Discourse in Policed Communities
The Journal of Race, Ethnicity, and Politics (Forthcoming)
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